Capitalization Rule-4 in detail with easy examples

Generally, it is not required to capitalize the word after a colon(:). But, There are certain exceptions to this rule.

Exception No.1: We capitalize the first letter of the word that comes after the colon when the word following the colon is a proper noun.

Exception No.2: We capitalize the first letter of the word that comes after the colon when the words following the colon make one or more complete sentences.

and this is the capitalization rule no 4

Incorrect

  1. One of my favorite hobbies: Playing football.
  2. He is always my best teacher: ram sir.
  3. There is only one place I can call home: rayagada

Correct.

  1. One of my favorite hobbies: playing football.
  2. He is always my best teacher: Ram sir.
  3. There is only one place I can call home: Rayagada

Choose the correct option

He denied having dinner for two reasons: _________ (He/he) had had something in the evening. And the other, because he is not feeling well.

Which of the following option is correct?

Ans: He (When the words following the colon form one or more complete sentences, we capitalize the first word after the colon.

Answer: Yes or No.

She always wants to visit the place of her birth: Russia.

Is the right word capitalized in the above sentence?

Ans: Yes (‘Russia’ is a proper noun and hence we capitalize it even when it occurs after a colon.)

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